Q Can the credit union deduct service charges from an OFAC-blocked account?
A Generally, yes.
In most cases, Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) regulations contain provisions to allow a financial institution to debit blocked accounts for normal service charges. Each set of program regulations describes the provisions.
The charges must be in accordance with a published rate schedule for the type of account maintaining the fund. But credit unions should check with OFAC before imposing charges because sanction program rules vary.
Currency Transaction Reports
Q Does a credit union need to file a Currency Transaction Report (CTR) when staff know a member places more than $10,000 in a safe deposit box?
A In this instance, no—because there was no “transaction.” Credit unions must file CTRs for currency transactions greater than $10,000 conducted by, through, or to the institution. But a “transaction” means a “deposit, withdrawal, exchange, or other payment or transfer” – so those rules don’t apply here.If the member’s actions appear suspicious, on the other hand, the credit union should consider filing a Suspicious Activity Report (SAR).
Q Does a match on the Financial Crime Enforcement Network’s (FinCEN) 314(a) list trigger a SAR filing?
A No. Section 314(a) of the USA Patriot Act allows a law enforcement agency to solicit information from financial institutions via a FinCEN information request. The names that appear in the request are already persons under investigation by federal law enforcement authorities. So a match on the list wouldn’t trigger a SAR filing. Unless noted otherwise in the request, the credit union isn’t required to take any further action after reporting any positive matches to FinCEN.
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